Proceedings 7

Melammu

The Ancient World in an Age of Globalization
The present Melammu volume extends from Greece to India, with articles on Phrygia and Armenia, also viewing texts from ancient Israel, Egypt, and Mesopotamia.

The present Melammu volume extends from Greece to India, with articles on Phrygia and Armenia, also viewing texts from ancient Israel, Egypt, and Mesopotamia.

This publication is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Germany (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 DE) Licence.

Melammu volumes have broadened the horizons of studies of antiquity by encouraging the crossing of geographical and cultural boundaries between ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean and Near East. The present Melammu volume extends from Greece to India, with articles on Phrygia and Armenia, also viewing texts from ancient Israel, Egypt, and Mesopotamia. The globalization described in this volume extends over language barriers and literatures, showing how texts as well as goods can travel between societies and regions. This collection of papers offer new insights and perspectives into connections between the Mediterranean World, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Persia and India.

Preface: The Globalization of Knowledge in the Ancient
Near East

J. Renn

Introduction to Melammu: Early Globalization
M. J. Geller

1 Globalization of Religion:
Jewish Cosmology in its Ancient Near Eastern Context

Simo Parpola

2 Global Monotheism:
The Contribution of the Israelite Prophets

Baruch A. Levine

3 Globalization and Imperialism:
Political and Ideological Reactions to the Assyrian Presence in Syria (IXth–VIIIth Century BCE)

Maria Grazia Masetti-Rouault

4 The Tale of the Wild Man and the Courtesan in India
and Mesopotamia: The Seductions of Ṛśyaśṛnga in the
Mahābhārata and Enkidu in the Epic of Gilgamesh

Tzvi Abusch, Emily West

5 Globalization in Literature:
Re-Examining the Gilgameš Affair

Cynthia Jean

6 Gilgamesh’s Plant of Rejuvenation and Qāṭīne’s Sīsīsāmbur
Nineb Lamassu

7 Some Observations about “Foreigners” in Babylonia
during the VI Century BCE

Kabalan Moukarzel

8 The Religious Reform of Nabonidus: A Sceptical View
Kabalan Moukarzel

9 New Light on George Smith’s Purchase of the
Egibi Archive in 1876 from the Nachlass Mathewson

Strahil V. Panayotov, Cornelia Wunsch

10 Phrygian Bronzes in the Greek World:
Globalization through Cult?

Maya Vassileva

11 Power and Ritual in the Achaemenian Royalty
Antonio Panaino

12 Religious Ontology and Taxonomic Structures in Indo-Iranian Oral Poetry
Velizar Sadovski

13 Elements of “Globalization” in Ancient Iranian Numismatics
Andrea Gariboldi

14 The Spread of the Cuneiform Culture to the Urartian North (IX–VII Century BCE)
Mirjo Salvini

15 India and World Trade: From the Beginnings to the
Hellenistic Age

Klaus Karttunen

16 Ancient Near Eastern Polities and the Greek Polis: Secondary States, Structural Similarities and the Problem of Diffusion
Kristoffer Momrak

17 Seeing Otherwise: On the Rules of Comparison in
Historical Humanities

Amar Annus

Abbreviations

Show All

A

Achaemenids

acropolis

Adad-nirari II

Adad-nirari III

Adam

Adda-Guppi

Addu

administrative documents

Aegina

Aeneid

Aesop

Afghanistan

agora

Ahhiyawa

Aḫīqar

Ahura Mazdā

Ahuramazdā

Akhenaten

Akkad

Akkadian

Akītu

Aleppo

Alexander

Alexander Balas

alphabet

Amarna

Amorites

Amphiaraos

Anabasis

Anāhitā

Anatolia

Ankara

antediluvian sages

antelope

Antiochus IV

Anu

Aphrodite

Apollo

Arabia

Arabic

Aramaic

Arameans

Ararat

archer

architecture

Ardašīr I

Aristotle

Armana

Armenia

Arrian

Arsaces

Artabanos I

Artaxerxes

Artaxerxes II

Artaxerxes III Ochos

Artemis

Artemision

Aruru

Aryan

ascetic

Asherah

Ashtoreth-images

Asia Minor

Asiatic despotism

assembly

Assos

Aššur

Assurnasirpal II

Assyria

astronomy

Atharvaveda

Athena

Athens

Atrahasis

Avesta

Avestan

axis mundi

Azatiwada

Azerbeijan

B

Baal

Bābtum

Babylonia

Bactria

baga

Baghdad

Bar Konai, Theodor

Barbarians

basileus

Bayındır

Bēl-šaru-uṣur

belts

benedictions

Beotia

Berosus

Bible

binding spells

Bisutun

black magic

Black Sea

body parts

Boǧazköy

Book of Daniel

Book of the Giants

Borsippa canal

Brahmán

bronze

Buddhist

Bukhara

Bulgaria

bullae

Byblos

C

Calah

Cambyses

camel

Canaan

canal

Caracalla

caravan

Carchemish

catalogues

cattle

Cedar Mountain

Central Asia

ceremonies

chariot

childbirth

Chios

Christianity

Cicero

city-states

Codex Hammurapi

Codex Manichaicus Coloniensis

coins

colonies

Combabos

Commagene

commerce

commodity trade

comparisons

copper

cosmology

cow

Crete

Croesus

Ctesias

cults

cuneiform

cuneiform tablet

cursing plate

cylinder seals

Cyropaedia

Cyrus

Cyrus Cylinder

D

Dagan

daglock

Danel

daric

death

Deir ’Alla

Delphi

Demeter

democracy

demon

demos

Demotic

Didyma

diffusion

Dilmun

Diogenes of Babylon

disease

divination

divine council

divinization

doll

dowry

dual dvandva

E

Egibi

Egypt

Eḫulḫul

ejaculation

Ekaśṛinga

El

Elamites

elephant

Elephantine

elephants

Elijah

Emar

Enkidu

Enlil

Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta

Enoch

Enūma eliš

Ephesos

epigraphy

eschatological visions

esoteric

Etana myth

Etruscans

Euphrates

Ezekiel

Ezida

F

Failaka

farmer

fate

fibulae

figurines

fire altar

Fire, Wind, Sun, Moon

Fire-god

Flood

foreigners

free citizens

G

Gandhara

Genesis

George Smith

Gilgamesh

globalization

glyptic

Gnostic

gold

Gordion

governors

Greece

Greek

Greya

H

hairiness

Haldi

Haoma

Harappa

Harran

Hattussa

healing spells

Heaven

Hellenism

henotheism

Hera

Heracles

herdsmen

Herodotos

Hesiod

hieroglyphic

Hindu

Hittite

Holy Spirit

Homer

Homeric

horn

horse

Horus

human body

Hurrians

Huwawa

hymns

I

iconography

ideology

Iliad

imperialism

Inanna

India

Indo-Iranian

Indus Valley

infection

invocation

irrigation

Isaiah

Isis

Isisinga

Israel

Ištar

Isthmia

ivory

Ivriz

J

Jazireh

Jerusalem

Jews

Josephus

Judaism

Judea

K

Kabbalah

Kaman Kalehöyük

Kamanis

Kandahar

Kar-Assurnasirpal

Karkemiš

Kassite

Khabur

Khana kingdom

Kharoṣṭhī

Khorsabad

king

kingship

Kubaba

Kuntillet ‘Ajrud

Kurdistan

Kybele

L

Lake Van

lament

lapis lazuli

Laqê

Larisa

Latin

leftovers

Legal documents

Lēlīta

Lesbos

Levant

limbs

Lindos

Linear B

lingua franca

linguistics

lion

Listenwissenschaft

loans

Lomapāda

Lothal

Lycia

M

Magi

magic

Mahābhārata

maledictions

Mandaic

Manichaeans

Mappa Mundi

Marduk

Mari

Masaikh

materia medica

Mathewson

Mazdayasnism

medicine

Mediterranean

Melchizedek

Messiah

Midas

Middle Assyrian

Miletos

military

Minoan

Minua

Mithradates I

Moab

Modern Assyrian

Moses

Mother-Goddess

Mycenaean

mysteries

mythology

N

Nabonidus

Nabu

Nabû

Nabû-kudurrī-uṣur

Nahr Dawrin

Nairi

navy

Nebarti-Assur

Nebuchadnezzar II

Necho

Nergal and Ereshkigal

Nergal-eresh

Nestorian

netherworld

Nile

Ninegala

Nineveh

Ninurta

Noah

O

Odysseus

oikoumene

Olympia

Oman

onomastic

oral literature

Osiris

Oxyartes

Oxyrhyncus

P

pairs

palace

Palestine

Pāṇḍava princes

paronomasia

Paros

Parthian

Pasargadae

Patriarchs

pentadic list

Pentateuchal

Perachora

Persepolis

Persia

Persian

Pherai

Philistines

Phoenicians

Phraates II

Phrygia

piercing

Pliny

Plutarch

polis

polyptoton

polytheism

Poseidon

pragmatics

priest

princess

propaganda

prophets

proskynesis

prostitute

Psalm

Ptolemaic Egypt

Ptolemaios

purification

purohita

Pythagorean triples

Q

Qāṭīne

Qumran

R

Rasappa

raw materials

Red Sea

regalia

reliefs

religious reforms

rhetoric

Rhodes

Rimut

ritual

ritual food

Roman

royal inscriptions

Ṛśyaśṛnga

S

Šābuhr I

sacrificial animals

sacrificial materials

sacrificial plants

sailing

Sakka

šaknu

Šamaš

Šamaš-šum-ukīn

Samos

Samothrace

Samuel

Sanskrit

šar kiššāti

Sarduri I

Sardursburg

Sargon II

scribe

Scripture

sea trade

Sefirot

Seistan

Seleucus I

semantic etymologies

Semiramis

Sennacherib

Septuagint

sex

Shalmaneser III

Shamhat

Shedu

silver

sin

Sȋn

Sirqu

Sīsīsāmbur

slave

Smyrna

Sogdian

Solomon

Soma

Song of Qāṭīne

Song of Songs

Sophia

Soqotra

sorcerer

Sparta

spells

spice trade

stele

stylistics

Suhu

Šukalletuda

Šukalletuda

Šulgi

Sūtras

Syria

T

taboo

Tammuz

taxes

technology

Tefnut, Legend of

Tegea

teleology

Tell Halaf

temple

Terqa

theatre

Thebes

Themistokles

theogony

Theopator

Theophras

Theos

Thesmophoria

throne

Thukydides

Tiglat-Pileser III

Tigris

time and space

tin

tīrtha

Tobit

tombs

Torah

Toynbee

trade

tribalism

tribute

Troy

Tukulti-Ninurta I

Tukulti-Ninurta II

tumulus

Tušpa

tyrant

Tyre

U

Ugarit

uʾiltu

Upi

Ur III

Ur-Mensch

urbanization

Uruk

Utnapishtim

V

Vedic ritual

Vibhāṇḍaka

voodoo

W

wanax

war

Warpalawa

Wen-Amun

West Semites

Western Asia

wild man

witch

witness

writing

X

Xenophon

Xusraw II

Y

Yahweh

Yajurveda mantras

Yariris

Z

Zaraθuštra

Zeriya

Zeus

ziggurat

Zincirly

Zion

Information

ISBN

978-3-945561-00-3

Publication Date

July 27, 2014

Print on Demand

currently unavailable

Submitted by

Jens Braarvig

Editorial Team

Lindy Divarci, Beatrice Hermann, Linda Jauch